Photo: Peter Kuchinsky Scaffolding

  • Failure to provide fall protection
  • Failure to provide proper access (ladder, ramp, or stair access not provided)
  • Failure to provide adequate platform construction
  • Lack of personal fall arrest or guardrail systems
  • Failure to properly support scaffolding from movement or tip-over

#2-Hazard Communication

  • Failure to develop and maintain a written program
  • Failure to maintain employee training
  • Failure to have a material safety data sheet for each hazardous chemical
  • Lack of or failure to provide employee training
  • Failure to label each container with the identity of the hazardous chemical within

#3-Fall Protection

Fall Protection
Photo: Peter Kuchinsky Fall Protection

  • Failure to use a guardrail or personal fall-arrest system
  • Failure to provide fall protection when working on low-slope roofs
  • Failure to provide fall protection when working around holes
  • Failure to provide fall protection when working on equipment or level above 6 feet
  • Lack of training for employees in fall hazards and use of equipment provided

#4-Respiratory Protection

  • Failure to establish a written program
  • Failure to provide a medical evaluation to determine the employee's ability to use a respirator
  • Failure to ensure an employee using a tight-fitting face piece respirator is fit-tested prior to initial use of the respirator, whenever a different respirator face piece (size, style, model, or make) is used, and at least annually thereafter
  • Respiratory Protection
    Photo: Peter Kuchinsky Respiratory Protection

  • Failure to identify and evaluate the respiratory hazards in the workplace
  • Failure to ensure employees using a tight-fitting respirator pass an appropriate qualitative or quantitative fit test

#5-Lockout/Tagout (LOTO)

  • Failure to establish and implement a written program
  • Failure to develop, document, and utilize procedures for the control of potentially hazardous energy
  • Failure to provide training to ensure the purpose and function of the LOTO program are understood by employees
  • Failure to conduct periodic inspection and evaluation of the LOTO program
  • Failure to clearly and specifically outline the scope, purpose, authorization rules, and techniques to be utilized for the control of hazardous energy, and the means to enforce compliance

#6-Powered Industrial Trucks (Forklifts) & Lifting Equipment

  • Failure to ensure each operator is competent to operate the equipment
  • Failure to certify that each operator has been trained and evaluated
  • Failure to take damaged equipment out of service
  • Failure to provide refresher training and evaluation (at least every 3 years)
  • Failure to perform inspection before placing equipment in service

#7-Electrical Wiring related to grounding, wiring, & temporary cords

Electrical Wiring
Photo: Peter Kuchinsky Electrical Wiring

  • Failure to effectively close conductors entering boxes, cabinets, or fittings and protect from abrasion
  • Failure to provide all pull boxes, junction boxes, and fittings with approved covers
  • Failure to connect flexible cords with proper strain relief
  • Flexible cords and cable exposed to traffic or damage
  • Flexible cords used as a substitute for fixed wiring of a structure

#8-Machine Guarding

  • Failure to provide one or more methods of machine guards
  • Failure to guard the point of operation of machines that exposes employee to injury
  • Failure to anchor fixed machinery to prevent movement or tip-over
  • Failure to guard blades
  • Failure to affix/replace guards on moving parts or spindles

#9-Electrical relating to general requirements

    Electrical Wiring
    Photo: Peter Kuchinsky Electrical Wiring
  • Failure to install and use electrical equipment according to factory instructions
  • Failure to guard electrical equipment
  • Failure to identify disconnecting means and circuits
  • Failure to keep access to panel/work space clear
  • Use of electrical equipment containing recognized hazards


Photo: Peter Kuchinsky Ladders

  • Failure to extend side rails at least 3 feet above the upper landing surface
  • Using ladders for a purpose other than for which they were designed
  • Using the top or top step of a stepladder
  • Failure to mark ladders with structural defects as defective or remove them from service
  • Failure to use ladders on stable and level surfaces

–Peter Kuchinsky owns CBA Construction Safety Check in Vista, Calif. Contact him at question@cbaexpert.com.

Top 10

OSHA's Top 10 safety violations from 2005.

1. Scaffolding
2. Hazard Communication
3. Fall Protection
4. Respiratory Protection
5. Lockout/Tagout
6. Powered Industrial Trucks
7. Electrical–Wiring
8. Machine Guarding
9. Electrical–General Requirements
10. Ladders